The world order was shaken in 18th Century by the American (1765 - 1783) and French (1789-1799) Revolutions. The birth of Nationalism. In 1811, Venezuela became one of the first Spanish-American colonies to declare independence. In 1821, Venezuela became part of independent Gran Colombia. Independence means different things to different people, and there was a struggle between those who wanted a strong government and centralised presidency, and those who wanted decentralised federal government. Venezuela became a separate country in 1830. Between one-quarter and one-third of the population of Venezuela was lost in the two decades of war preceding independence. Like the French, the national Tricolour flag symbolically built the new identity. Yellow for land wealth. Blue for the sea that separates Venezuela from Spain. Red for the blood of the heroes who died.
Venezuelan War of Independence