Africa was carved up by European Nations at the Berlin Conference in 1885. Africa was part of the Old World, and its wholesale colonisation only came after that of the New World. A map of Central America in the 1830s before Napoleonic loosened a crippled Europe's grip is very similar to a map of Africa before the two World Wars loosened a crippled Europe's grip. Despite 'independence', like many African countries (Angola and South Africa), Guatemala then became a pawn in the Cold War. Beginning in the early C20th, Guatemala was run by a series of dictators sponsored by the United Fruit Company and the United States. A 1944 pro-democratic coup led to a decade-long war ended by a US-back dictatorship in 1954. The Guatemalan Civil War ran from 1960-1996, not co-incidentally ending just after Apartheid South Africa's demise.