Uzbekistan is a doubly landlocked country. It is bordered by five landlocked countries. The idea of Nation States wasn't built on what a Nation would need to thrive. The idea of a Nation State, is that a distinct cultural or ethnic group form a state that they self-govern. Some argue the State forms the Nation rather than the other way around, through standardisation. In 1789, only half of the 'French People' spoke some French and about 13% spoke the version in literature. When Italian unification started (1815 - 1871), even fewer 'Italian People' spoke Italian. Modern Uzbekistan was once inhabited by Iranian speaking nomads, and fell under Persian and Greek Empires before C7th Muslim conquests. Central Asia was then swallowed in the C13th Mongol invasions, and the area became dominated by mainly Turkic people. Later it was incorporated into the Russian Empire, until independence was declared in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union. If Nation States are an attempt to define borders by a 'The People', they palpably fail history.