As the world globalised, those seeking to convert locals or make money looked homewards for legal protection. People wanted to do business or religion without being subject to local laws and customs. In Vanuatu, the mix of French and British interests brought petitions for the big powers to annexe the territories. In 1906, France and Britain agreed to administer the islands jointly. A Condominium is an area in which different sovereign powers agree to exercise their rights jointly, without dividing up into geographical zones. The difficulty comes in ensuring co-operation, when there isn't a 'higher power' to resolve disputes. Independence movements came in the 70s, and the Republic gained independence from Britain and France in 1980. It has a population of about 270,000 people.