Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes
Between 2-4 million people died in the French War of Religions 1562-1598. The conflict was ended with the Edict of Nantes which aimed at creating civil unity by granting Protestant Huguenots the same rights as the Catholics. This agreement opened the way for secularism separating the idea of a heretic and a traitor. Someone could disagree on religious matters and still be a citizen. In 1685, Louis XIV revoked the Edict. Protestant ministers were given two weeks to leave the country or covert to Catholicism. Persecution and torture led to about 400,000 people leaving France for Great Britain, Prussia, the Dutch Republic, Switzerland, South Africa and the new French colonies of North America. In 1688, 176 French Huguenots established the town of Franschhoek about 75km from Cape Town.