Expanding and moving Bantu-speaking populations brought farming to the southern parts of Uganda between 1,700-2,300 years ago. The migrations continued south, and also crossed to Madagascar around 1000 AD. Competing Arab Muslim (1830s), British Protestant (1860s), and French Catholic (1870s) traders and missionaries made contact searching for the source of the Nile. In 1888, the Imperial British East Africa Company was charged with protecting British commercial interests. They couldn't, and so the Government stepped in and annexed the area. Similarly to South Africa, Fiji and Guyana, the British brought in indentured labourers from India. In 1963, Uganda became an independent Republic in the post World War II decolonising of Africa. The country competes with Niger for having the youngest population in the World with a median age of 15.
Some Sizes for Context