Saturday, August 13, 2016


The majority (64%) of Cubans have a European background and around 9% a connection to Africa. During the Spanish colonial period, the majority in many countries became 'Mestizo' (ancestry from all over) and this became a fundamental part of the national identity in places like Mexico. A quarter of Cubans have this joint heritage. The indigenous people of the Caribbean and Florida were the Taino and Arawak. Cuba became a de facto American state in 1902 after the Spanish-American war. After later independence, the island state became a focal point in the ideological battle between Communism and Capitalism, almost leading to a nuclear war in 1962. The Cold War freeze extended to Apartheid South Africa. The Cubans were big supporters of the fight to end racial segregation. Apartheid ended 5 years after the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989. Nelson Mandela was released in 1990.

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