Sudan was home to many kingdoms and empires which flourished along the Nile river. The Nubian Kingdoms can be traced from at least 2000 BC. A neighbour of Egypt and across the Red Sea from Mecca, Sudan was Christianized by the 6th century and Islamized by the 15th century. It was part of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan from 1899 until independence in 1956. Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the Arab World until 2011. A split with South Sudan (following a war which ended in 2005) has made it smaller than Algeria, the DR Congo and Saudi Arabia. Civil War continues to rage in the Southern neighbour which won its freedom. One of a reducing number of countries where our historical plague of war persists. Omar al-Bashir, in power since 1989, became the first sitting president to be indicted by the International Criminal Court.
Source: Global Conflict Tracker