Pennsylvania has a population of 12.8 million. Almost the same as Guinea, a country on the west coast of Africa, and the urban area of Rio De Janeiro, in Brazil. It was one of the original 13 states of the United States, formed by a royal land charter King Charles II, the restored King whose father lost his head in the English Civil War. The charter was given to William Penn to repay a debt. Steel, logging, coal, textiles and other manufacturing attracted large streams of immigrants. Today, only 5.6% of the population is foreign born with 75% born in the state. 82% are Non-Hispanic White (v 64% for the US in total) with the growth in population in the state flattening since 1970. The last time the Republican Party won a majority was in 1988. In 2016, Trump received 2,912,941 (Romney '12 2,680,434) and Clinton 2,844,705 (Obama '12 2,990,274) votes.